CCNP Routing and Switching SWITCH 300-115 Official Cert Guide

Series
Cisco Press
Author
David Hucaby  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
1
Language
English
Total pages
560
Pub.-date
December 2014
ISBN13
9781587205606
ISBN
1587205602
Related Titles


Product detail

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9781587205606
CCNP Routing and Switching SWITCH 300-115 Official Cert Guide
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Description

CCNP Routing and Switching SWITCH 300-115 Official Cert Guide is a comprehensive self-study tool for preparing for the new SWITCH exam. Complete coverage of all exam topics as posted on the exam topic blueprint ensures readers will arrive at a thorough understanding of what they need to master to succeed on the exam. The book follows a logical organization of the SWITCH exam objectives. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing readers' retention and recall of exam topics. Readers will organize their exam preparation through the use of the consistent features in these chapters.

Features

  • Pre-chapter quiz – These quizzes allow readers to assess their knowledge of the chapter content and decide how much time to spend on any given section.
  • Foundation Topics – These sections make up the majority of the page count, explaining concepts, configurations, with emphasis on the theory and concepts, and with linking the theory to the meaning of the configuration commands.
  • Key Topics – Inside the Foundation Topics sections, every figure, table, or list that should absolutely be understood and remembered for the exam is noted with the words “Key Topic” in the margin. This tool allows the reader to quickly review the most important details in each chapter.
  • Exam Preparation – This ending section of each chapter includes three additional features for review and study, all designed to help the reader remember the details as well as to get more depth. Readers will be instructed to review key topics from the chapter, complete tables and lists from memory, and define key terms.
  • Final Preparation Chapter—This final chapter details a set of tools and a study plan to help readers complete their preparation for the exams. 
    CD-ROM Practice Test—The companion CD-ROM contains a set of customizable practice tests.

New to this Edition

Content will be updated to align to the new SWITCH exam to be released in 2014.

Table of Contents

 Introduction xxiv

 

Part I Designing Campus Networks

Chapter 1 Enterprise Campus Network Design 3

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 3

Foundation Topics 7

Hierarchical Network Design 7

 Predictable Network Model 9

 Access Layer 12

 Distribution Layer 12

 Core Layer 12

Modular Network Design 13

 Sizing a Switch Block 16

 Switch Block Redundancy 18

 Network Core 20

 Collapsed Core 23

 Core Size in a Campus Network 24   

 Cisco Products in a Hierarchical Network Design 24

Exam Preparation Tasks 27

Review All Key Topics 27

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 27

Define Key Terms 27

 

Chapter 2 Switch Operation 29

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 29

Foundation Topics 32

Layer 2 Switch Operation 32

 Transparent Bridging 32

 Follow That Frame! 35

Multilayer Switch Operation 36

 Types of Multilayer Switching 36

 Follow That Packet! 37

 Multilayer Switching Exceptions 39

Tables Used in Switching 40

 Content-Addressable Memory 40

 Ternary Content-Addressable Memory 41

  TCAM Structure 42

  TCAM Example 43

  Port Operations in TCAM 44

Managing Switching Tables 45

 CAM Table Operation 45

 TCAM Operation 48

 Managing Switching Table Sizes 49

Exam Preparation Tasks 52

Review All Key Topics 52

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 52

Define Key Terms 52

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 52

 

Chapter 3 Switch Port Configuration 55

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 55

Foundation Topics 59

Ethernet Concepts 59

 Ethernet Overview 59

 Scaling Ethernet 60

  Fast Ethernet 60

  Gigabit Ethernet 61

  10-Gigabit Ethernet 62

  Beyond 10-Gigabit Ethernet 63

  Duplex Operation over Ethernet Links 63

Connecting Switches and Devices 65

 Ethernet Port Cables and Connectors 65

Switch Port Configuration 66

 Selecting Ports to Configure 66

 Identifying Ports 68

 Port Speed 68

 Port Duplex Mode 69

 Managing Error Conditions on a Switch Port 69

  Detecting Error Conditions 69

  Automatically Recover from Error Conditions 70

 Enable and Use the Switch Port 71

 Troubleshooting Port Connectivity 71

  Looking for the Port State 71

  Looking for Speed and Duplex Mismatches 72

Discovering Connected Devices 73

 Cisco Discovery Protocol 73

 Link Layer Discovery Protocol 75

Using Power over Ethernet 77

 How PoE Works 78

 Detecting a Powered Device 79

 Configuring PoE 80

 Verifying PoE 81

Exam Preparation Tasks 84

Review All Key Topics 84

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 84

Define Key Terms 84

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 85

 

Part II Building a Campus Network

 

Chapter 4 VLANs and Trunks 89

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 89

Foundation Topics 95

Virtual LANs 95

 VLAN Membership 96

  Static VLANs 96

  Configuring Static VLANs 97

  Dynamic VLANs 99

  Deploying VLANs 99

  End-to-End VLANs 100

  Local VLANs 101

VLAN Trunks 101

 VLAN Frame Identification 103

  Inter-Switch Link Protocol 103

  IEEE 802.1Q Protocol 104 

 Dynamic Trunking Protocol 105

VLAN Trunk Configuration 106

 Configuring a VLAN Trunk 106

 Trunk Configuration Example 108

Troubleshooting VLANs and Trunks 110

Voice VLANs 112

 Voice VLAN Configuration 113

 Verifying Voice VLAN Operation 115

Wireless VLANs 117

Exam Preparation Tasks 119

Review All Key Topics 119

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 119

Define Key Terms 119

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 119

 

Chapter 5 VLAN Trunking Protocol 123 

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 123

Foundation Topics 127

VLAN Trunking Protocol 127

 VTP Domains 127

 VTP Modes 127

 VTP Advertisements 128

 VTP Synchronization 131

VTP Configuration 132

 Configuring the VTP Version 133

 Configuring a VTP Management Domain 134

 Configuring the VTP Mode 135

 VTP Configuration Example 136

 VTP Status 137

VTP Pruning 138

 Enabling VTP Pruning 140

Troubleshooting VTP 141

Exam Preparation Tasks 143

Review All Key Topics 143

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 143

Define Key Terms 143

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 143

 

Part III Working with Redundant Links

Chapter 6 Traditional Spanning Tree Protocol 147

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 147

Foundation Topics 151

IEEE 802.1D Overview 151

 Bridging Loops 151

 Preventing Loops with Spanning Tree Protocol 154

 Spanning-Tree Communication: Bridge Protocol Data Units 155

 Electing a Root Bridge 156

 Electing Root Ports 158

 Electing Designated Ports 160

 STP States 162

 STP Timers 165

 Topology Changes 167

  Direct Topology Changes 168

  Indirect Topology Changes 169

  Insignificant Topology Changes 171

Types of STP 172

 Common Spanning Tree 173

 Per-VLAN Spanning Tree 173

 Per-VLAN Spanning Tree Plus 173

Exam Preparation Tasks 175

Review All Key Topics 175

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 175

Define Key Terms 175

 

Chapter 7 Spanning-Tree Configuration 177

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 177

Foundation Topics 181

STP Root Bridge 181

 Root Bridge Placement 181

 Root Bridge Configuration 184

 Tuning the Root Path Cost 188

 Tuning the Port ID 190

Tuning Spanning-Tree Convergence 191

 Modifying STP Timers 191

  Manually Configuring STP Timers 192

  Automatically Configuring STP Timers 192

Redundant Link Convergence 194

 PortFast: Access Layer Nodes 194

 UplinkFast: Access Layer Uplinks 196

 BackboneFast: Redundant Backbone Paths 197

Monitoring STP 199

Exam Preparation Tasks 200

Review All Key Topics 200

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 200

Define Key Terms 200

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 200

 

Chapter 8 Protecting the Spanning Tree Protocol Topology 203

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 203

Foundation Topics 207

Protecting Against Unexpected BPDUs 207

 Root Guard 207

 BPDU Guard 208

Protecting Against Sudden Loss of BPDUs 210

 Loop Guard 210

 UDLD 211

Using BPDU Filtering to Disable STP on a Port 213

Troubleshooting STP Protection 214

Exam Preparation Tasks 215

Review All Key Topics 215

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 215

Define Key Terms 215

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 215

 

Chapter 9 Advanced Spanning Tree Protocol 219

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 219

Foundation Topics 223

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol 223

 RSTP Port Behavior 223

 BPDUs in RSTP 224

 RSTP Convergence 225

  Port Types 226

  Synchronization 227

 Topology Changes and RSTP 229

 RSTP Configuration 229

 Rapid Per-VLAN Spanning Tree Protocol 230

Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol 231

 MST Overview 233

 MST Regions 233

 Spanning-Tree Instances Within MST 234

  IST Instances 234

  MST Instances 235

 MST Configuration 236

Exam Preparation Tasks 238

Review All Key Topics 238

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 238

Define Key Terms 239

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 239

 

Chapter 10 Aggregating Switch Links 241

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 241

Foundation Topics 245

Switch Port Aggregation with EtherChannel 245

 Bundling Ports with EtherChannel 247

 Distributing Traffic in EtherChannel 247

 Configuring EtherChannel Load Balancing 249

EtherChannel Negotiation Protocols 251

 Port Aggregation Protocol 252

 Link Aggregation Control Protocol 252

EtherChannel Configuration 253

 Configuring a PAgP EtherChannel 253

 Configuring a LACP EtherChannel 254

 Avoiding Misconfiguration with EtherChannel Guard 255

Troubleshooting an EtherChannel 257

Exam Preparation Tasks 261

Review All Key Topics 261

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 261

Define Key Terms 261

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 261

 

Part IV Multilayer Switching

Chapter 11 Multilayer Switching 265

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 265

Foundation Topics 268

Inter-VLAN Routing 268

 Types of Interfaces 268

 Configuring Inter-VLAN Routing 269

  Layer 2 Port Configuration 270

  Layer 3 Port Configuration 270

  SVI Port Configuration 271

 Multilayer Switching with CEF 272

  Traditional MLS Overview 272

  CEF Overview 272

  Forwarding Information Base 273

 Adjacency Table 276

 Packet Rewrite 279

 Configuring CEF 280

Verifying Multilayer Switching 280

 Verifying Inter-VLAN Routing 280

 Verifying CEF 283

Exam Preparation Tasks 285

Review All Key Topics 285

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 285

Define Key Terms 285

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 285

  

Chapter 12 Configuring DHCP 289

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 289

 Foundation Topics 292

 Using DHCP with a Multilayer Switch 292

  Configuring an IPv4 DHCP Server 293

  Configuring a Manual Address Binding 294

  Configuring DHCP Options 296

  Configuring a DHCP Relay 296

Configuring DHCP to Support IPv6 297

 Stateless Autoconfiguration 298

 DHCPv6 298

 DHCPv6 Lite 299

 Configuring a DHCPv6 Relay Agent 300

 Verifying IPv6 DHCP Operation 300

Exam Preparation Tasks 301

Review All Key Topics 301

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 301

Define Key Terms 301

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 301

 

Part V Monitoring Campus Networks

Chapter 13 Logging Switch Activity 305

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 305

Foundation Topics 308

Syslog Messages 308

 Logging to the Switch Console 310

 Logging to the Internal Buffer 310

 Logging to a Remote Syslog Server 311

Adding Time Stamps to Syslog Messages 312

 Setting the Internal System Clock 312

 Using NTP to Synchronize with an External Time Source 313

 Securing NTP 316

 Using SNTP to Synchronize Time 316

 Adding Time Stamps to Logging Messages 317

Exam Preparation Tasks 318

Review All Key Topics 318

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 318

Define Key Terms 318

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 318

 

Chapter 14 Managing Switches with SNMP 321

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 321

Foundation Topics 324

SNMP Overview 324

Configuring SNMP 326

 Configuring SNMPv1 327

 Configuring SNMPv2C 327

 Configuring SNMPv3 328

Exam Preparation Tasks 330

Review All Key Topics 330

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 330

Define Key Terms 330

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 330

 

Chapter 15 Monitoring Performance with IP SLA 333

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 333

Foundation Topics 336

IP SLA Overview 336

Configuring IP SLA 338

Using IP SLA 341

Exam Preparation Tasks 345

Review All Key Topics 345

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 345

Define Key Terms 345

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 345

 

Chapter 16 Using Port Mirroring to Monitor Traffic 349

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 349

Foundation Topics 352

Using Local SPAN 352

 Local SPAN Configuration 354

Remote SPAN 356

 Remote SPAN Configuration 357

Managing SPAN Sessions 359

Exam Preparation Tasks 361

Review All Key Topics 361

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 361

Define Key Terms 361

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 361

 

Part VI Implementing High Availability

Chapter 17 Understanding High Availability 365

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 365

Foundation Topics 368

Leveraging Logical Switches 368

 StackWise 371

 Virtual Switching System 372

Supervisor and Route Processor Redundancy 373

 Redundant Switch Supervisors 373

 Configuring the Redundancy Mode 374

 Configuring Supervisor Synchronization 376

 Nonstop Forwarding 377

Exam Preparation Tasks 378

Review All Key Topics 378

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 378

Define Key Terms 378

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 378

 

Chapter 18 Layer 3 High Availability 381

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 381

Foundation Topics 384

Packet-Forwarding Review 384

Hot Standby Router Protocol 385

 HSRP Router Election 386

 Plain-Text HSRP Authentication 388

 MD5 Authentication 388

 Conceding the Election 389

 HSRP Gateway Addressing 390

 Load Balancing with HSRP 391

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol 394

Gateway Load Balancing Protocol 397

 Active Virtual Gateway 397

 Active Virtual Forwarder 398

 GLBP Load Balancing 400

 Enabling GLBP 400

Verifying Gateway Redundancy 405

Exam Preparation Tasks 406

Review All Key Topics 406

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 406

Define Key Terms 406

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 406

 

Part VII Securing Switched Networks

Chapter 19 Securing Switch Access 411

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 411

Foundation Topics 415

Port Security 415

Port-Based Authentication 418

 802.1X Configuration 419

 802.1X Port-Based Authentication Example 420

Using Storm Control 421

Best Practices for Securing Switches 423

Exam Preparation Tasks 428

Review All Key Topics 428

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 428

Define Key Terms 428

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 428

 

Chapter 20 Securing VLANs 431

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 431

Foundation Topics 435

VLAN Access Lists 435

 VACL Configuration 435

Private VLANs 436

 Private VLAN Configuration 438

  Configure the Private VLANs 438

  Associate Ports with Private VLANs 439

  Associate Secondary VLANs to a Primary VLAN SVI 440

Securing VLAN Trunks 441

 Switch Spoofing 441

 VLAN Hopping 443

Exam Preparation Tasks 446

Review All Key Topics 446

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 446

Define Key Terms 446

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 446

 

Chapter 21 Preventing Spoofing Attacks 449

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 449

Foundation Topics 451

DHCP Snooping 451

IP Source Guard 453

Dynamic ARP Inspection 455

Exam Preparation Tasks 458

Review All Key Topics 458

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 458

Define Key Terms 458

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 458

  

Chapter 22 Managing Switch Users 461

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 461

Foundation Topics 464

Configuring Authentication 465

Configuring Authorization 468

Configuring Accounting 469

Exam Preparation Tasks 471

Review All Key Topics 471

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 471

Define Key Terms 471

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 471

 

Part VIII Final Preparation

Chapter 23 Final Preparation 475

Tools for Final Preparation 475

 Exam Engine and Questions on the CD 475

  Install the Exam Engine 476

  Activate and Download the Practice Exam 476

  Activating Other Exams 477

  Premium Edition 477

 The Cisco Learning Network 477

 Memory Tables 477

 Chapter-Ending Review Tools 478

Study Plan 478

 Recall the Facts 478

 Practice

  Configurations 478

 Using the Exam Engine 479

 

Part IX Appendixes

Appendix A Answers to the “Do I Know This Already?” Quizzes 481

Appendix B Exam Updates 489

Always Get the Latest at the Companion Website 489

Technical Content 490

 

Glossary 493

Index 504

CD-Only Appendixes

Appendix C Memory Tables

Appendix D Memory Table Answer Key

 

Appendix E Study Planner

 

 

Author

David Hucaby, CCIE No. 4594, is a lead network engineer for the University of Kentucky, where he works with a large healthcare network based on the Cisco product lines. David holds bachelor’s and master’s degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Kentucky. He is the author of several Cisco Press titles, including CCNA Wireless Cert Guide, Cisco ASA, PIX, and FWSM Firewall Handbook, Second Edition; Cisco Firewall Video Mentor; and Cisco LAN Switching Video Mentor. David lives in Kentucky with his wife, Marci, and two daughters.