For junior/graduate-level courses in English Grammar and Advanced English Syntax.
Designed to make grammar fun and intellectually exciting, this text doesn't teach students about grammar but how to do grammar -i.e., how to understand the structure and function - the rationale - of the English language by becoming actively involved with their own analysis and description of the language. Building on what students already know intuitively about English, it is the first text to combine traditional and generative approaches in one practical synthesis - showing students how to notice patterns in their language, how to describe those patterns in clear and principled ways, how to decide which of their descriptions are best, and how to represent their decisions in the form of rules and diagrams.
the major parts of speech, together with their associated phrases: verbs; nouns; adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions.
compound and complex sentences.
style, text, and paragraphs.
introduces phrase structure diagrams clearly in a step-by-step procedure.
uses traditional Reed-Kellogg diagrams for displaying functional relations.
resolves well-known usage problems - subject-verb agreement, “sexism” in language, dangling modifiers, and others - by description of their grammar.
looks at different kinds of sentences and the special resources English has for inserting one sentence (or clause) into another.
considers the sentence as the means for conveying the different kinds of messages.
each page contains an exercise, question, or problem that students must work through as an integral part of the lesson.
each section contains a more elaborate exercise -DO IT - that requires students to apply a new concept, notice and describe a new pattern of data, or formulate a new rule.
each chapter concludes with a set of more challenging exercises that require students to review and often revise the points and procedures discussed in the chapter.
complete answers are provided at end of book.
an appendix contains suggestions for “Perpetual Practice.”
1. Introduction: Language, Grammar, and Usage.
2. Getting Started: Structure and Class.
3. Moving On: Class and Function.
4. Verbs and the Verb Phrase.
5. Nouns and the Noun Phrase.
6. Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, and Their Phrases.
7. Morphology and the English Verb Group.
8. The Simple Sentence and Beyond: Subordination and Coordination of Clauses.
9. Towards the Text: Information, Theme, and Paragraphs.
Answers to End-of-Chapter Exercises.
Appendix I: List of Irregular Verb Forms.
Appendix II: Suggestions for Perpetual Practice.