Fact and Artifact

Allyn & Bacon
Lynn Z. Bloom  
Januar 1994
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For courses in Advanced Composition, Expository Writing, and The Essay.

Fact and Artifact shows students how to transform the "facts" about people, places, performances, processes, and controversy into the "artifacts" that are essays, portraits, reviews, narratives, satires, parodies, reports, scientific papers, and other written works.


  • is a truly advanced writing text that does NOT duplicate or repeat advice offered in freshman composition textbooks. It addresses students as advanced pre-professional writers, using a lively style, a friendly tone, and a positive point of view.
  • focuses on the PROCESSES of writing nonfiction . The processes described are derived from the way real writers actually write; they are flexible and versatile so that they can be adapted to individual emphases and aims.
  • devotes separate chapters to the types of nonfiction most commonly written and published: writing about people, places, performance, humor, processes, science, and controversy.
  • emphasizes revision throughout, with an early chapter (ch. 3) focusing exclusively on this central stage of the writing process.
  • bridges the gap between student and professional writing by offering numerous illustrations of good (and real) student writing in addition to professionally written examples. A final chapter on publishing encourages student writers to reach a wider audience.
  • includes helpful checklists and unusually wide-ranging booklists for each type of writing.
  • reflects current research in rhetoric and composition, including gender studies, reader-response theory, discourse communities, and the social construction of meaning.
  • incorporates the collaborative aspects of writing, assuming that even if the writing is single-authored, peers will read and comment on it and so influence the revising and editing.
  • updates and expands coverage throughout the book:
    • Chapter 1, “Writing in Context,” now takes into account the fact that everyone writes in a complex of contexts: intellectual, personal, cultural, social, and political

    • Chapter 2, “Style,” now includes many more examples of student writing and new and theoretical considerations of voice, authority, and discourse communities

    • Chapter 3, “Re-Vision and Revision,” has been refocused to emphasize the need to re-see as well as rewrite. New also are 10 drafts of a student essay, from start to finish

    • Chapter 8, “Writing About Processes,” expands the emphasis on how-to writing to include “Some Special Modes of Process Writing.”

    • Chapter 9, “Writing About Science,” now includes material on interviewing scientists and writing natural history

    • Chapter 10, “Writing About Controversy,” now includes discussions of critical thinking, assertive argument, and intensive research from primary and secondary sources

    • Chapter 11, “Publishing,” now includes a section on editing and proofreading a manuscript, illustrated by Ning Yu's prize- winning “Red and Black: One English Major's Beginning”

Table of Contents

 1. Writing in Context.

 2. Style.

 3. Re-Vision and Revision.

 4. Writing About People.

 5. Writing About Places.

 6. Writing About Performance.

 7. Writing Humor.

 8. Writing About Processes.

 9. Writing About Science.

10. Writing About Controversy.

11. Publishing: Reaching a Wider Audience.